Derginin Adı: Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Yönetimi Dergisi
Cilt: 2011/17
Sayı: 2
Makale Başlık: Akademisyenlerin Gözünden Türkiye’de Eğitim Yönetiminin Akademik Durumu: Nitel Bir Analiz
Makale Alternatif Dilde Başlık: The State of Educational Administration Scholarship in Turkey from the Scholars’ Perspectives: A Qualitative Analysis
Makale Eklenme Tarihi: 12.01.2015
Okunma Sayısı: 1
Makale Özeti: Bu araştırmanın amacı, Türkiye’de eğitim yönetimi alanının akademik bir disiplin olarak günümüzdeki durumunu Ankara’da eğitim yönetimi alanında görev yapmakta olan akademisyenler tarafından algılandığı biçimiyle irdelemektir. Nitel araştırma yönteminin kullanıldığı çalışma, Ankara’da bulunan üç devlet üniversitesinde mevcut olan Eğitim Yönetimi, Teftişi, Planlaması ve Ekonomisi alanında eğitim-öğretim görevi yapan öğretim üyeleri ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmaya Ankara, Hacettepe ve Gazi Üniversitelerinde görev yapan 8 profesör, 1 doçent ve 10 yardımcı doçent katılmıştır. Sayı az olduğu için örneklem yoluna gidilmemiş ve mevcut evrenin tümü araştırmaya dahil edilmiştir. Kavramsal çerçeve ışığında araştırmanın veri toplama aracı olan yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formu oluşturulmuştur. Veriler içerik analizi kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Sonuçlar, Ankara’da görevli akademisyenlerin algılarından akademik anlamda eğitim yönetimi alanının karmaşık ve çeşitli açılardan problemli bir yapıda olduğunu göstermiştir. Problemler, araştırmaların ve akademisyenlerin özellikleri, bilgi temeli, meslekleşmesi ve sosyo-politik bağlamla ilgilidir.
Alternatif Dilde Özet: Background. The field of educational administration has become critically important both in the world and in Turkey because of a heightened interest in education by all the nations. Schools are the foci of societal and global change, which places the educational administrators in a critical situation. In order to cope with and adapt to the rapid changes, they need to be well-trained and perform their jobs professionally. At this point, the scholars of educational administration holds outstanding responsibility for training the school administrators as well as contributing to the academic development of the field. The field of educational administration, owing its presence to the general administrative thought and science of management, has been influenced by different paradigms, thematic domains, various lines of inquiry and a continuing quest for a knowledge base since its emergence. Moreover, various organizational theories were utilized and various trends became dominant in research at different times (Willower & Forsyth, 1999). Educational administration scholarship in Turkey has to encounter many challenges due to the recent global changes. Evidently, it is woven with problems and issues such as the scientific nature of the field, the efforts to build a solid knowledge base, using research paradigms and methodology, scholarly activities, various phenomena affecting the scholarly development of the field (Aydın, Erdağ ve Sarıer, 2010; Donmoyer, 1999; Maxcy, 2001; Şimşek, 2003). Purpose. In the light of the literature review, the purpose of this study is to investigate the current state of educational administration as an academic field from the perceptions of the educational administration scholars residing in Ankara. Method. This research was designed as a qualitative study. In qualitative studies, the whole phenomenon is understood as a complex system that is more than sum of its parts, which brings up a holistic picture of a case, a situation, an activity, a material or a fact (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2000). The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview guide prepared by the researchers based on the conceptual framework to achieve as detailed data as possible. As for the data source, the population was the educational administration scholars residing in Ankara. The population and the sample had to be the same because of the limited number of scholars in the field. Before the actual interview sessions, 3 interviewees participated in the piloting stage of the interview form, and of the remaining 20 participants, there were nine professors, one associate professor and ten assistant professors from the 3 state universities in Ankara. One of the scholars did not want to participate in the study, so the total number of the participants was 19. At the beginning of each interview session, the participant was briefed about the aim of the study and the interview. Further information was provided about the length of the interview and anonymity of data was ensured. Consent for audio recording was requested from the participants and except 5 participants, all the others agreed to be audio recorded. In terms of data analysis, the data from the interviews were subjected to content analysis. In this particular study, the researcher, first, transcribed all the interview recording word by word. Then, all the transcriptions were read to be analyzed and notes were taken as to where certain words or statements could be categorized. Finally, in the light of the interview questions and the notes taken by the researcher while reading the transcribed texts, a coding list was prepared. Next, as proposed by Akşit, (as cited in Yıldırım & Şimşek, 1999, pp. 183-4), the researcher utilized Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet program to put the oral data in numbers and to make it accessible. On a spreadsheet, 4 columns were created to demonstrate which subject the data came from, what general categories, parent and sub-parent categories the data fell into and what the participant had said. All the data were categorized this way entering certain words and phrases provided by 19 participants. Next, it was more practical to sort the data according to the parent and sub-parent categories to analyze and write the results. While the researcher was categorizing the data, further categories emerged and there was a need to provide a second-level coding. Content-Analytic Summary tables were prepared for each sub-parent category, through which the perceptions of the scholars were demonstrated by quantification. Moreover, the researcher went over the content analytic summary tables, the Excel sheets and checked back the texts of interview records when necessary not to miss any single data or not to distort data. Results and conclusions. Results of the study comprise of 6 main themes being the scientific nature of education and educational administration, the existence of an established knowledge base, possible presence and dominant use of any research paradigm or method, the impact of various events and phenomena on the field, problems shaping the present state of educational administration scholarship and expectations from the future. The results revealed that educational administration is perceived as an interdisciplinary social science. A solid knowledge base for the field is necessary but it has not been fully achieved yet. Moreover, the dominant research paradigm is positivism and the use of quantitative method is widespread among researchers. In addition, some turning points affecting the development of the field are the establishment of first Faculty of Education in Ankara University and restructuring of faculties of education in 1997. Other issues have also been mentioned as having either negative or positive impact. Numerous problems were identified from the perceptions of the scholars, which help to shape the present state of the educational administration scholarship in Turkey. Considering the results of the study, it may be concluded that there is some kind of what Maxcy (2001) called “turmoil” present in the educational administration scholarship within the perceptions of the scholars working in Ankara. For the future, there were both optimistic and pessimistic remarks.